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- Is God the Only Reality: Science Points Deeper Meaning of Universe by John Marks Templeton
- Elon Musk says we may live in a simulation. Here's how we might tell if he's right
When you are in a singularity state, big is small and small is big. Space is compressed so tightly that the forces that usually govern the behavior of the tiny particles that make up atoms and forces have an effect on a cosmic scale.
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This is very fortunate—without it we probably would not be here today. Scientists have all kinds of hypotheses about what caused this state. Sometimes little pockets of this something slow down enough to make a Universe, sort of like a bubble in a pot of boiling water. Another idea is there are infinite Universes stacked atop each other like membranes of film, which sounds funny because how can things that are infinite in 3 directions stack at all? These Universes can stack because the stacking happens in additional dimensions that are curled on top of themselves.
Sometimes these membrane Universes touch each other and you get a Big Bang in each of them. If that gives you a headache, you are perfectly normal. On the other hand, consider a career in theoretical physics if the idea comes naturally to you. These ideas are just hypotheses—ideas put forward by someone on an educated hunch. Science works because no one will accept a hypothesis unless it is verified by an experiment or observation in the real world.
The results of this observation have to be recorded, and you have to tell people how they can make this observation on their own.
You publish all that and then other scientists review it, and confirm or reject it with other experiments, which are also reviewed. Occasionally, a hypothesis is tested so thoroughly that it is proven, and you get a Law.
Other times, it becomes part of a large body of work that helps us understand the world better. These larger understandings are called Theories, and they change the world. Theories are so well supported with data that you can trust them, and whatever problems they have describing reality are widely known in the scientific community. However nothing became something, our tiny Universe was filled with immense levels of energy.
It was unimaginably hot, enough to annihilate anything that exists in the Universe today at a fundamental level. When the Universe started to grow, it grew at an incredible rate—a process called Cosmic Inflation. The singularity expanded faster than the speed of light. We've found the first direct evidence for Inflation this week in the form of gravity waves.
Gravity waves were first proposed by Einstein, and we finally imaged them in Nothing can travel faster than light in our Universe. Mere moments after the singularity started to rapidly expand, our Universe was made of something called quark-gluon plasma, and we built the Large Hadron Collider specifically to reproduce those conditions on a very small scale. Quark-gluon plasma is strange. Little bits of matter and energy appear and are annihilated really quickly. There are no atoms, molecules or other large scale matter.
Even light is absorbed or annihilated. Our Universe was hot and chaotic for its first , years, but after that something remarkable happened. Space had spread out enough for the Universe to cool and for the first time our Universe was transparent to light. The first light was very bright. Everything in all directions was much brighter than any star today.
This event, more than any other, allows us to determine the age of the Universe. We took a picture of it. No seriously, we did. I get asked a lot how we could take a picture of something that happened before galaxies, stars and planets existed. The answer is simple: the sky is a time machine. Things in space are really far away, so it takes quite a while for light to reach us from other objects in the Universe. When you look at the moon, you see the moon as it was 1.
The Sun is about 8 light-minutes away, so when you look at it, you are looking 8 minutes into the past. The Voyager I probe is When I look at Proxima Centauri, one of the stars nearest to our own, I roll the calendar back 4. The light I see in the sky left those stars long before America was a nation. Andromeda is the closest major galaxy to our Milky Way, and looking at it takes you back 2.
The deeper you look into the sky, the farther back in time you go. And now you see how we can take a picture of the Universe The oldest thing we can see is Cosmic Background Radiation, the echo from the moment our Universe was transparent to light for the first time. Two scientists measured it on accident while building a radio telescope—they thought it was an equipment malfunction.
Their accidental success lead to more intentional efforts and a Nobel Prize. Our next attempts to sample our origins were done with ground based telescopes and balloons. In , we launched a probe called WMAP. From this vantage point, WMAP had a clear view of the whole sky, and took a remarkable image: a baby picture of the whole Universe. If you take anything from all this, please note that there is tremendous evidence to support an old Universe that started as a singularity. But if we rise up to a sufficiently high level of abstraction and look from "above" upon the well-known branches of physics, then numerous details, important when solving this or that concrete task, gradually disappear, and in place of them, new fundamental physical laws are revealed which are written in a new unified language.
In front of us there is opening up a new physics with new goals, new tasks, and new mathematical apparatus. As it was clarified later, the essence of any fundamental physical law lies in the objective existence of abstract physical structures-special kind of relationships which the ideal "doubles" the prototypes of the objects of material reality possess. In contrast to the well-known cause and effect connections, these relationships have a completely different nature, and are described in that one unified universal language which Tamm told me about before, and express in the most adequate way the idea of wholeness and unity of the special World of higher reality , whose shadow is the material world which we see.
The word "science" in its contemporary interpretation signifies the form of knowledge which manages without the assumption of the existence of God as a mystical, otherworldly, incomprehensible Origin. From the point of view of traditional science, the Universe presents itself as a secluded, self-organizing, and self-regulating system in which all processes taking place have a totally algorithmic character, flowing "by themselves" without any external interference, and describable by dynamic and static laws.
In other words, the Universe is a world which is entirely determined by dynamic and static laws and is fundamentally deprived of anything external in relation to itself; it is a world of which we are also the particles, the world which we in principle can cognize. This world creates itself by virtue of some yet indistinct laws, and no external being interferes with it nor watches over it either compassionately or indifferently.
And the man, being the "organ of self-cognition of the world", by virtue of only one thing-that he is a particle of this world, realizes his role as creator and sets before himself the goal of reconstructing and perfecting the world. Traditional science considers as its primary task of cognition the discovery of the laws which rule the Universe. The final goal of the historical process is for man to conquer nature by unravelling its laws. But exactly from the moment that this point of view on science was proclaimed, all the "metaphysical" questions about existence and essence, about causes, origins, purpose, and meaning, which had excited people for thousands of years, gradually began to recede into the background.
Rational thinking required only exact description and measurement. Science lost its soul. Science indeed became a productive power, but it ceased the quest for Truth. Joyless rationalism, trying to formalize everything, converting it into the dead language of algorithms, made the Truth seem rather unattractive.
With this, the overwhelming majority of scientists have no doubt about the possibility of unlimited cognition of the Universe. Naively, at the initiative of Lenin, they think that the process of cognition is similar to tally row, in which it is possible, without any damage to the Truth, to cast off the part which consists of an infinite number of its members. The truly grandiose discoveries in the area of physics, cosmology, and biology, of which the XX century appeared to be so abundant, created "the scientific picture of the world," in which we will not find the answer to the main questions about the appearance of life, about the vast variety and incomprehensible expediency of the living world, and in which there was not found a place for man with his moral aspirations and quests.
Five premises to the simulation argument
Now, at the dawn of the XXI century, many come to realize that the time and resources of the opposition from Science and Religion are exhausted. Today their unification comes forward as a rigid requirement and the first step on this way is to recognize the fact that science is not the only source of our knowledge of the World, and that experienced knowledge, spiritual discernment, and spiritual experience compose the unified process of cognizing the World.
The time has come to admit the existence of a more complete form of knowledge-the True knowledge, in the foundation of which lies the assumption of universal Unity and harmony of all Existence. This form of cognition accepts all the informative achievements of contemporary science, but it transfers them from the increasingly shaky materialistic foundation onto a new foundation which is more universal and abstract and, for that reason, less objective.
The true knowledge is being built up upon notions and concepts, including transcendental ones, no matter how abstract and far from the material reality perceptible to our sense organs they might seem, which allow consecutively and strictly, with a minimum degree of arbitrariness, proceeding on a minimum number of initial premises, to build, by reassessing the spiritual content of the different philosophical systems which have appeared since ancient times up until the present day, the modern Unified balanced picture of the World, and by so doing, to reconstruct the majestic Project of the Universe.
With materialistic epistemology, the impossibility of attaining absolute Truth is so obvious that the overwhelming majority of scientists in fact refuse to search for the truth at all, substituting for it artificial stereotypes, and as a result all traditional science inevitably turns into merely illustrations of a dogmatic materialistic scheme.enter site
Is God the Only Reality: Science Points Deeper Meaning of Universe by John Marks Templeton
Like a plant artificially grown in the laboratory, these stereotypes can exist only in the exotic culture of professional intellectuals. Outside of this culture they become lifeless texts and inaccessible to the understanding. The primary task of cognition is to comprehend the secrets of Existence and to search for the unique and absolute Truth. The fulfillment of this task becomes possible only with the effective combination of reason and revelation.
True knowledge, by giving preference to synthesis before analysis, strives to unite what at first glance seems incompatible. All modern natural science and, in the first place theoretical physics, cosmology and biology, while avoiding openly doing so, nevertheless indeed certainly testify about terminating the "line of Democritus" and resurrecting the vivid and fruitful "line of Plato" which leads to the reciprocally balanced Unified scientific and theistic picture of the World. The objectively existing world is not exhausted by the world of empirical material reality the world of things, perceived by our sense organs.
Beside the world of material reality, there exists some other reality, with another form of existence, which lies outside the realm of existence of the material world-that is, the World of higher reality. It does truly exist, for we observe its real manifestations in the world of material reality, in particular, in the form of natural scientific laws and numerous programs. The objects of the world of material reality on the one hand are the natural material objects -the things of inorganic nature, plants, and animals, and on the other hand are man himself, which is considered as a complicatedly organized material system.
Elon Musk says we may live in a simulation. Here's how we might tell if he's right
The objects of the World of higher reality are, in particular, the eidoses and programs -the various ideal substances which have a different form of existence from material objects. The most important peculiarity of the world of material reality is that all material objects have two important characteristics:. Under "structure" we assume what, been the carrier of idea of necessity , common significance and regularity , compose the essence of every law. The "metamorphy", in contrast to structure, is a carrier of all accidental, unique, individual -that is, of all which in principle does not submit to any law and cannot be squeezed into its strict frames.